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Protection and Advocacy for Individual Rights (PAIR)

The purpose of PAIR is to support a system in each State to:

Protect the legal and human rights of individuals with disabilities who need services that are beyond the scope or eligibility requirements of CAP or the other P&A Programs.

PAIR may serve people with a disability which substantially limits one or more of their major life activities and who have experienced a violation of their civil rights because they have a disability.

PAIR may provide the following services:

  • Protect the rights of individuals with disabilities;
  • Have the same general authorities, including access to records and program income, as are set forth in Part C of the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act; and
  • Pursue legal, administrative, and other appropriate remedies or approaches to ensure the protection of, and advocacy for, the rights of such individuals within the State; and
  • Provide information on and make referrals to programs and services addressing the needs of individuals with disabilities in the State.

PAIR is authorized in:

29 U.S.C. § 749e, P.L. 106-402
Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended
(Last amendment and reauthorization: Workforce Investment Act of 1998)

PAIR is administered and regulated by:

U.S. Department of Education (DOE)
Office of Special Education and Rehabilitation Services (OSERS)
Rehabilitation Services Administration (RSA)
400 Maryland Avenue, SW Room 5017
Washington, DC 20202-2800
Phone: (202) 245-7331, Fax: (202) 245-7591


Questions about PAIR? Contact Us: